Episode 55 - Answering Common Questions with Joe Fitzpatrick (Part 2)

Peggy Farren 2017-10-19

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Episode 55: Answering Common Questions with Joe Fitzpatrick - Part 2

What is the best focal length for landscape photography?
- All of them!
- Wide angle (17-24mm) is great for flat areas or when you want to include long mountain ranges or cityscapes
- Longer lenses (200-300mm) help compress the distance and make better images of stacked mountains, rolling hills, or maybe a skyline with multiple layered skyscrapers

What lenses would work best for wedding photography or photojournalism?
Professionals - always use 2 cameras: 1 wide (24-70mm), and 1 long (70-200mm f/2.8)
* see articles about wedding photography on UnderstandPhotography.com

When should I use a lens hood?
- Always!!
- Offers the best protection for your lens
- Prevents lens flare that could degrade your image and reduce saturation
- Avoid generic 3rd party hoods that may be ill-fitting - they may cause vignetting
- Purchase a hood that is designed for your lens, even if it is slightly more expensive
- if vignetting occurs with this hood, check to see that it didn’t get bumped out of alignment or is not completely tightened

Should I use a UV filter to protect my lens?
UV filers were originally created to prevent destruction of sensitive film from UV light
We don’t use film anymore!
Can be used to protect lens, BUT…
- causes reflections, desaturation, etc.
- cuts down on quality of image reading the sensor
Use a lens hood - digital sensors are not sensitive to UV

Other Filters
*IF you are in a situation with moisture or blowing sand, you may want an extra level of protection - you can put a CLEAR filter on, doesn’t have to be UV
*get a QUALITY filter - if you have a high quality lens, protect it with a high quality filter

A Neutral Density (ND) filter works well for a silky water effect.
Most filtered effects are easy to duplicate in photoshop during processing
A Circular Polarizing Lens (CPL) filter reduces solar glare and reflections on foliage, water, glass, and metal
- filter screws onto end of lens and then rotates to whatever level of glare reduction you’re looking for
- buy a GOOD one to fit your largest lens, then get step rings to adapt to your smaller lenses
- if you have a CPL on your lens, you can’t use the hood, be aware of side glare/reflections
- a good quality filter will be multicoated to help prevent this

How do I prevent condensation on my lens when moving from cold to warm areas?
Before changing locations, cover the lens with a plastic bag to lock out moisture and prevent damage, then take it to the warmer area and let it warm up before removing the bag

What kind of camera should I buy?
FIRST, identify what your needs are…
- is this a serious hobby?
- are you a casual shooter?
- is it for travel photography?
- will it be used for professional purposes?
This will point you (and your friendly camera store associate) in the right direction
Consider weight and bulk
4/3 Mirrorless - lighter, smaller than DSLR, still give great images, priced mid-range and higher
Entry-level DSLR - pro-quality, flexible
- recommend Canon Rebel , Nikon D3300 series, or Sony A6000 series (all crop-sensor cameras)
- start with the kit lens (comes with camera) and graduate to better lenses
Go to a camera store (Hunt’s, B&H, JPI) - (not Costco or Best Buy!)
If you don’t have a local store, find a reputable dealer online that you can CALL and TALK to

What is the best camera for action shot, wildlife, or bird photography?
- all about the REACH
- a long lens on a crop-body camera with a sophisticated focusing system
Canon 7D Mark II or Nikon D500 - fast and built tough

See you next week for episode 56!

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Peggy Farren is an award winning, professional photographer, instructor, writer and speaker.

With over 17 years as a full-time professional photographer, Peggy offers photography training through her training center, “Understand Photography”.

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